A Park is Born
Basin Spring Park
Basin Spring the legendary Indian healing spring known to Native Americans and early pioneer settlers, is now the heart of Eureka Springs.
The first crowds of health seekers encamped here in 1879.
Drawn by the promise of near miraculous cures, the city was named on this site July 4, 1879.
The first governing body, the Committee of Twelve, was elected here in August 1879.
The first townsite survey was platted with the spring and surrounding reservation of protected land as its centerpiece.
A plan of lots, blocks and streets, extending in all directions, encompassed many other nearby springs.
In 1890, the Eureka Springs Board of Public Affairs created a formal setting for the spring with limestone walls, fountains, and walks.
Above photo shows the construction of the stone walls in a circular fashion with benches surrounding the perimeter. In a row down center, is the fountain at left, then a rail encasing the shaft going down to the original Indian Basin, behind, at right a square holding tank was built for potable water having water spigots to fill containers.
About 1921, the original wood gazebo was replaced with the band-shell which is still regularly used for public performances.
Following World War I, the Doughboy statue was placed as a memorial to local men who served their country.
There has been a steady growth of iconic monuments and markers and benches and sundry items --- even until this day. In this website, we hope to discover the history of each icon landmark and to find those that have disappeared --- some, without a trace.
Significant Ordinances pertaining to the Springs
Ordinance Book 1 Page 8 January 7th, 1881 extending a circle of a radius 95½ feet Hor,. (Horizontal)
Ordinance Book 1 Page 126 June 5th 1885 the Basin Spring Reservation as platted and filed by T. P. German, City Surveyor, on May 19th, 1885, is hereby adopted. And all the lands within the bounds of said proposed changes is declared public grounds
Ordinance Book 1 Page 169 Aug. 12, 1886 to open Spring Street 40 feet wide from the Basin Spring Reservation to Main Street and Rock House Street. (Where the Rock House Cave is located.)
Ordinance Book 1 Page 177 December 3rd 1886 (Pertaining to Southern Hotel) W.E. Beatty shall remove part of his steps now running across said reservation and release his right-of-way now used by the part of said steps, which are to be moved, and that the said W.A. Broad and W.E. Beatty shall be authorized to use and occupy the following described parcels of land as a right-of-way; and that they be authorized to erect thereon a stairway for their use forever. Said lands being described as follows.
Ordinance Book 1 Page 212 May 6 1889 It shall be unlawful for any person to hitch, stop or leave standing any horse, team, or stock of any kind or to stop, stand or leave standing any vehicle of any kind or for any person to play with ball, marbles or lots within the distance of one hundred feet North and East of the Basin Spring along and over both sides of Spring Street, and for the distance of one hundred and seventy-five feet South and West of the Basin Spring and along and on both sides of Spring Street.
Ordinance Book 1 Page 251 March 5th 1890 Twenty five hundred dollars out of any money in the Treasurer of said city not otherwise appropriated for the purpose of cleaning up Improving and beautifying said Basin Spring Reservation Park.
Ordinance Book 1 Page 462 June 18, 1898 That the sum of three hundred dollars be appropriated for free Band Concerts at the Basin Spring during the months of August and September 1898.
Ordinance Book 2 Page 328 April 4, 1921 That a franchise for a period of 99 years, subject to the provisions hereof, on the waste waters of Basin Spring, as hereinafter defined, is hereby granted to W. E. Newport, his successors and assigns for an in consideration of the sum of Twenty Dollars,